Demand for nursing care is increasing year by year due to the declining birth rate and the aging of the population.
Up to now, there are three statuses of residence that allow foreigners to work in nursing care settings. However, it is hard to say that sufficient personnel are secured, so from 3 ``Specific skillsHas been added as a status of residence to work in the field of nursing care.
Here in the field of careSpecific skillsWhen hiring a foreigner with a visa, we will introduce the accepted work content, required tests, application conditions, etc.
table of contents
- 1 Background and prospects for accepting foreigners with specific skills in the field of care
- 2 Scope of care that is permitted by the status of residence of a specific skill
- 3 In the field of nursing care, conditions required for foreigners to obtain a specific skills visa
- 4 Contents of Japanese language ability and skill evaluation test of specific skills 1 required in the field of nursing care
- 5 Three points to note when hiring foreigners with specific skills in the field of long-term care
- 6 Relationship between specific skills and status of residence in other nursing care fields
- 7 Summary: The specific skills 'nursing care' visa broadens the on-site employment gap
In the nursing fieldSpecific skillsBackground and expected number of foreigners
Specific skillsResidence status allows foreigners to work only in 14 industrial fields where human resources are scarce. The nursing care field is a serious seller market.
While the average job opening rate for 2017 is 1.54 times the national average, nursing care results are higher than 3.64 times and 2 points.
The government estimates and estimates that about 2020 additional personnel are claimed by the end of 26.
With such a lack of labor,Up to 5 people over the next five yearsSpecific skillsAcceptance of foreignersIs assumed.
As of 2019, the number of foreigners working in the field of nursing care is approximately 4, 300.
This includes people who stay using the existing EPA (Economic Partnership Agreement), residence status “care”, and technical training system.
Specific skillsThere is no doubt that the creation of will increase the number of foreigners who can work in the nursing field.
Specific skillsPlease be aware of the conditions for applying for the status of residence and the conditions required for business establishments, and apply them appropriately for employment.
Specific skillsRange of nursing care permitted by the residence status of the
In the field of nursing care,Specific skillsForeigners who have obtained the residence status ofPhysical careAnd itAssociated support workYou can do.
In particular,User's bathing, meal, assistance such as excretion, ま た はImplementation of recreation at the facility (accepting facility)It is included.
However,Visit system services such as visit careIs not covered.
In a business where a caregiver (home helper) directly visits the user's home and assists with physical care or cleaning,Specific skillsIt is not possible to employ foreign nationals using the residence status of. Please be careful.
In the nursing field, foreignersSpecific skillsRequirements to get a visa
The nursing care fieldSpecific skillsOnly issue 1 is accepted. It does not apply in issue 2.
for that reason,Specific skillsThe maximum number of foreign nationals who are eligible for residence is 5 years.
In the field of nursing care, as with other industries, the following 3 points are the basic application conditions.
- Being older than 18
- Pass the prescribed Japanese language proficiency test
- Passing the prescribed skill evaluation test
Also, in nursing care, in addition to the usual Japanese language proficiency test, it is necessary to pass the Japanese language examination unique to the nursing care field.
The details are explained below.
Required in the nursing fieldSpecific skillsContents of Japanese language ability and skill evaluation test of No. 1
The contents of the Japanese Language Proficiency Test and Skills Assessment Test established in the field of care are as follows.
<Source: Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare "Acceptance of foreign workers with specific skills in the nursing field]>
Japanese language examination and necessary level recognized in nursing care
In the field of nursing care, you have to pass the following Japanese exams to get a status of residence.
- Domestic: "Japanese Language Proficiency Test" N4 or higher
- Overseas: "Japanese Language Proficiency Test" N4 or higher or "The Japan Foundation Japanese Language Foundation Test"
In addition to the above
- "Care Japanese Evaluation Test"
The "Japanese Language Proficiency Test" or the "National Foundation Japan Basic Japanese Language Test" will check whether you can have some daily conversation and have a sufficient level of Japanese language skills.
In addition, the “Care Japanese Language Evaluation Test” assesses whether the level required for business use at the care site has been reached.
With care skill evaluation examination
This is a computer based testing (CBT) test.
It will be conducted in the language of the country of examination.
[With care skills evaluation test]
|Department of test||40 Q: Basics of care, mechanisms of mind and body, communication technology, life support technology|
|Practical exam||Question 5: Life support technology (exhibits photographs and tests to make decisions and judgments about the correct care procedure)|
The exam pass results are valid for the 10 year from the exam date.
2019 Year 5 month, results of nursing care evaluation test results were announced in the Philippines, and 84 people passed. The exam pass rate is 74.3%.
Foreign nationals who have passed both the Japanese language test and the skill evaluation test will successivelySpecific skillsYou will apply for the status of residence.
Human resources who are exempted from Japanese language examinations and skills evaluation examinations in the field of nursing care
The following foreigners are exempt from the Japanese language test and skill evaluation testSpecific skillsYou can apply for status 1 residence status.
- Skills training 2 alumni
- Care worker training facility completion person
- A person engaged in 4 annual work and training as a care worker candidate under EPA (Economic Partnership Agreement)
About EPA care worker candidate, it is condition that there is score more than XNUM% of pass reference point in notification letter of last care worker national examination, and there is score in all examination subjects.
Detailed procedurehereYou can check on
In the nursing fieldSpecific skillsThree things to keep in mind when hiring foreigners
Specific skillsWhen hiring a foreigner with the status of residence of, please note the following three points regarding the nursing care facility (acceptance facility).
Nursing care facilities (accepting facilities) are acceptedSpecific skillsThere is an upper limit on the number of foreigners
Specific skillsThere is a limit to the number of human resources that can be employed with the residence status of.
The total number of full-time care staff such as Japanese is the upper limit in establishments.
The following people correspond to "full-time care staff such as Japanese".
- Japanese and staff working with the next status of residence
- Nursing care
- Specific activity (EPA care worker)
- Permanent resident
- Japanese, permanent resident's spouse, etc.
- Special permanent resident
The application for status of residence exceeding the upper limit is not permitted.
Also, be aware that only full-time staff can be hired.
▼Other than that,Specific skillsSee below for employment conditions for foreigners.
What is the receiving organization for specific skills? Standards and obligations to hire foreigners on specific skills visas
In the field of careSpecific skillsJoin the Council
Specific skillsBusiness establishments that accept foreigners with a status of residence are required to participate in a council organized by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare and provide necessary cooperation.
The procedure to join the council is the first timeSpecific skillsIt will be done within 4 months from the date of accepting foreigners.
Specific skillsForeigners are immediately included in the placement criteria upon hiring
Specific skillsForeign nationals who have a residence status of are considered to have the same ability as human resources who have completed three years of technical training.
for that reason,It is possible to employ immediately without training etc. and include in the placement standard.
However,Specific skillsUnder this framework, the receiving business is obliged to implement an appropriate support plan for foreigners.
Japanese language support and work / life orientation are one of the obligations of the host organization.
▼ The details about support plan are this
What is a registration support organization? | Necessary requirements for registration and support plan contents for specific skills 1
Specific skillsAnd the relationship with the status of residence in other nursing care fields
In the field of nursing care, there are currently 4 workable residence statuses.
- EPA (Economic Partnership Agreement)
- Status of residence "care"
- Technical Internship
- Specific skills1 No.
Of these, technical trainingSpecific skillsThere is a stipulation in the period of stay in Japan, but there is no stipulation in the EPA caregiver and the status of care "nursing".
Therefore, if foreigners working in these countries obtain these 2 status of residence status, they can continue to employ them at their place of business.
Those who meet certain conditions can apply for another status of residence.Specific skillsI will introduce the relationship with.
For technical graduates No. 2 graduates,Specific skillsCan move to No. 1
If a foreigner who entered Japan as a technical intern in the field of nursing care works for 3 years and completes the technical intern 2Specific skillsIt is possible to apply for No. 1.
If you are accepting a technical intern's nursing staff at your business site,Specific skillsBy switching to No. 1, you can hire for a longer period.
Specific skillsNo. 2 is not allowed, so the maximum stay in No. 1 is 5 years
Specific skillsThere are 1 and 2 categories in.
No. 2 has no fixed period of stay. However, the field of nursing care is only applicable to issue 1, soSpecific skillsNo. 1 can be hired for up to 5 years.
Specific skillsAfter working as No. 1 for 3 years, if the foreigner passes the National Examination for Care Workers, it is possible to work for the period of stay with the "Nursing" status of residence.
In addition,Specific skillsIt is also possible to work in “visiting services” that are not allowed in.
Summary:Specific skillsVisas for "nursing" broaden employment frontiers
As I mentioned, compared to other residence statuses that allow you to work in nursing care,Specific skillsVisas make it easier to hire foreigners. As a result, it will be a good recruitment method for companies suffering from labor shortage.
However,Specific skillsThe employment conditions for foreigners are stipulated in detail such as the employment conditions that the host company must protect and the support that must be provided. Employment will lead to proper employment after the company has prepared an acceptance system.
In addition,Specific skillsNo. 1 can be employed for up to 5 years. Depending on the person's will, it may be possible to transfer to another work visa and consider a career.