What is the specific skill "nursing care"?
Demand for nursing care is increasing year by year due to the declining birth rate and the aging of the population.
Up until now, there have been three statuses of residence that foreigners can work in the field of long-term care.
However, it is hard to say that sufficient manpower is secured, and from 2019 ``Specific skillsHas been added as a status of residence to work in the field of nursing care.
Here in the field of careSpecific skillsWhen hiring a foreigner with a visa, we will introduce the accepted work content, required tests, application conditions, etc.
table of contents
- 1 Background and prospects for accepting foreigners with specific skills in the field of care
- 2 Scope of care that is permitted by the status of residence of a specific skill
- 3 In the field of nursing care, conditions required for foreigners to obtain a specific skills visa
- 4 Contents of Japanese language ability and skill evaluation test of specific skills 1 required in the field of nursing care
- 5 Three points to note when hiring foreigners with specific skills in the field of long-term care
- 6 Relationship with status of residence in the field of long-term care other than specific skills
- 7 Advantages of technical intern training "long-term care" and specific skill "long-term care"
- 8 About transition to another status of residence
- 9 Outline of specific skill "long-term care" skill evaluation test / long-term care Japanese evaluation test
- 10 Summary: The specific skills 'nursing care' visa broadens the on-site employment gap
Background and prospects for accepting foreigners with specific skills in the field of care
Specific skillsResidence status allows foreigners to work only in 14 industrial fields where human resources are scarce. The nursing care field is a serious seller market.
While the average job opening rate for 2017 is 1.54 times the national average, nursing care results are higher than 3.64 times and 2 points.
The government estimates and estimates that about 2020 additional personnel are claimed by the end of 26.
With such a lack of labor,Up to 5 people over the next five yearsSpecific skillsAcceptance of foreignersIs assumed.
As of 2019, the number of foreigners working in the field of nursing care is approximately 4, 300.
This includes people who stay using the existing EPA (Economic Partnership Agreement), residence status “care”, and technical training system.
Specific skillsThere is no doubt that the creation of will increase the number of foreigners who can work in the nursing field.
Specific skillsPlease be aware of the conditions for applying for the status of residence and the conditions required for business establishments, and apply them appropriately for employment.
Scope of care that is permitted by the status of residence of a specific skill
In the field of nursing care,Specific skillsForeigners who have obtained the residence status ofPhysical careAnd itAssociated support workYou can do.
・ Assistance for users such as bathing, eating, and excretion
・ Recreation at the facility (accepting facility)
The above implementation is included.
However,Visit system services such as visit careIs not covered.
In a business where a caregiver (home helper) directly visits the user's home and assists with physical care or cleaning,Specific skillsIt is not possible to employ foreign nationals using the residence status of. Please be careful.
In the field of nursing care, conditions required for foreigners to obtain a specific skills visa
In the field of nursing care, as with other industries, the following 3 points are the basic application conditions.
・ Being over 18 years old
・ Must have passed the prescribed Japanese Language Proficiency Test
・ Must have passed the prescribed proficiency test
Also, in nursing care, in addition to the usual Japanese language proficiency test, it is necessary to pass the Japanese language examination unique to the nursing care field.
The details are explained below.
Contents of Japanese language ability and skill evaluation test of specific skills 1 required in the field of nursing care
The contents of the Japanese Language Proficiency Test and Skills Assessment Test established in the field of care are as follows.
<Source: Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare "Acceptance of foreign workers with specific skills in the nursing field]>
Japanese language examination and necessary level recognized in nursing care
In the field of nursing care, you have to pass the following Japanese exams to get a status of residence.
- Domestic: "Japanese Language Proficiency Test" N4 or higher
- Overseas: "Japanese Language Proficiency Test" N4 or higher or "The Japan Foundation Japanese Language Foundation Test"
In addition to the above
- "Care Japanese Evaluation Test"
The "Japanese Language Proficiency Test" or the "National Foundation Japan Basic Japanese Language Test" will check whether you can have some daily conversation and have a sufficient level of Japanese language skills.
In addition, the “Care Japanese Language Evaluation Test” assesses whether the level required for business use at the care site has been reached.
With care skill evaluation examination
This is a computer based testing (CBT) test.
It will be conducted in the language of the country of examination.
[Long-term care skill evaluation test]
|Department of test||40 Q: Basics of care, mechanisms of mind and body, communication technology, life support technology|
|Practical exam||Question 5: Life support technology (exhibits photographs and tests to make decisions and judgments about the correct care procedure)|
The exam pass results are valid for the 10 year from the exam date.
2019 Year 5 month, results of nursing care evaluation test results were announced in the Philippines, and 84 people passed. The exam pass rate is 74.3%.
Foreigners who have passed both the Japanese language test and the proficiency test will be gradually released overseas and domestically.Specific skillsYou will apply for the status of residence.
Human resources who are exempted from Japanese language examinations and skills evaluation examinations in the field of nursing care
The following foreigners are exempt from the Japanese language test and skill evaluation testSpecific Skill 1You can apply for a status of residence.
・ Technical intern training No. 2 graduate
・ Persons who have completed the training facility for care workers
・ Persons who have been engaged in employment / training for 4 years as candidates for care workers under the EPA (Economic Partnership Agreement)
EPA nursing care worker candidateThe condition is that the latest National Examination for Care Workers has a score of 5% or more of the passing standard score, and that all the exam subjects have a score.
Detailed procedureClick here for detailsYou can check on
Three points to note when hiring foreigners with specific skills in the field of long-term care
Specific skillsWhen hiring a foreigner with the status of residence of, please note the following three points regarding the nursing care facility (acceptance facility).
There is an upper limit to the number of foreigners with specific skills who can accept long-term care facilities (acceptance facilities)
Specific skillsThere is a limit to the number of human resources that can be employed with the residence status of.
The total number of full-time care staff such as Japanese is the upper limit in establishments.
The following people correspond to "full-time care staff such as Japanese".
・ Japanese and staff working with the following status of residence
・ Long-term care
・ Specific activity (EPA Care Worker）
・ Permanent resident
・ Japanese spouse, etc.
・ Spouse of permanent resident, etc.
・ Special permanent resident
The application for status of residence exceeding the upper limit is not permitted.
Also, be aware that only full-time staff can be hired.
▼Other than that,Specific skillsSee below for employment conditions for foreigners.
How to accept specific skills! Explain the flow of foreigner recruitment and the points to be noted [Introduction guide]
To join specific skill council in the field of care
Specific skillsThe establishment that accepts foreigners with the status of residence is organized by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare.Specific Skills CouncilIt is supposed to participate in and provide necessary cooperation.
The procedure to join the council is the first timeSpecific skillsIt will be done within 4 months from the date of accepting foreigners.
Foreigners with specific skills are included in the placement criteria immediately after hiring
Specific skillsForeign nationals who have a residence status of are considered to have the same ability as human resources who have completed three years of technical training.
for that reason,It is possible to hire without training and immediately include it in the placement criteria.
However,Specific skillsUnder this framework, the receiving business is obliged to implement an appropriate support plan for foreigners.
Japanese language support and work / life orientation are one of the obligations of the host organization.
▼ The details about support plan are this
What is a registration support organization? | Necessary requirements for registration and support plan contents for specific skills 1
Relationship with status of residence in the field of long-term care other than specific skills
In the field of nursing care, there are currently 4 workable residence statuses.
・ EPA (Economic Partnership Agreement) * Philippines, Indonesia, and Vietnam
・ Status of residence "Long-term care"
・ Technical intern training
・ Specific skill No. 1
Of these, technical trainingSpecific skillsThere is a stipulation in the period of stay in Japan, but there is no stipulation in the EPA caregiver and the status of care "nursing".
Therefore, if foreigners working in these countries obtain these 2 status of residence status, they can continue to employ them at their place of business.
reference:Outline of four systems that can hire foreign long-term care staff
<Source: Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare "Guidebook for long-term care providers regarding the employment of foreign care workers">
EPA Care Worker (Candidate)
EPA nursing care worker candidate(Specific activities) Is based on the Economic Partnership Agreement (= EPA: Agreement for Strengthening Economic Partnership between the two countries)
This refers to people who aim to acquire the national qualification of a Japanese long-term care welfare worker while working and training at a Japanese long-term care facility.
◎ Current host countries: Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam
"EPA Care Worker(Specific activities) ”, You are allowed to bring your family with you, and you can renew your period of stay.
* Candidates for "EPA Care Workers" can move to "Specific Skill No. XNUMX" if certain conditions are met.
Nursing candidates are also expected to be able to shift to Specific Skill No. XNUMX.
Status of residence "care"
Status of residence "care"(Long-term care visa) is a system established in 29, and its main purpose is to accept foreigners with specialized skills.
Normally, you first enter the country with a student visa, study at a nursing care welfare training school for at least two years, pass the national examination, and then switch to a "long-term care" status of residence.
As with the "EPA Care Worker", family members are allowed to accompany them and their period of stay can be renewed.
* For graduates of the nursing care welfare worker training facility from 29 (2017) to Reiwa 3 (2021 and the end of March 2022),
Even if you do not pass the national examination for care workers (failed or not taken)Social Welfare Promotion / Examination CenterBy applying to
You can register as a care worker with a fixed term of 5 years.
・ Pass the National Examination for Care Workers within 5 years after graduation
・ Continued to engage in long-term care for 5 years after graduation
In any of the above cases, you can continue to hold the qualification as a care worker..
Technical intern training "long-term care"
"Technical InternshipIs a system whose main purpose is international cooperation, such as having Japanese technology and skills utilized for economic development in developing regions.
We accept trainees in various industries, and "bilateral agreements" have been concluded between Vietnam, the Philippines, Myanmar, Thailand, etc.
◎ 1st year of residence: Technical intern training No. 1, 2nd to 3rd year of residence: Technical intern training No. 2, 4th to 5th year of residence: Technical intern training No. 3
If you pass the exam, you can move on to the next issue.
Advantages of technical intern training "long-term care" and specific skill "long-term care"
Benefits of technical intern training
☑ No job change
✖ As a general rule, you are allowed to change jobs for specific skills, so you may change jobs immediately.
☑ Many people want to have an interview
You can go to Japan for long-term care skill training if you pass the Japanese Language Proficiency Test (NAT-Test) Level 4.
✖ The specific skill “long-term care” has a high hurdle because you cannot go to Japan unless you pass three tests.
☑ Can work in Japan for a total of 10 years
Technical intern training is up to 5 years,Technical internship 2It is possible to move to Specific Skill No. 3 without an exam if it has been carried out up to (practice period 1 years).
✖ In the case of specific skills, the maximum employment period is 2 years because it is not possible to transfer to specific skills No. 5.
Benefits of Specific Skill No. 1
☑ Can be included in the staffing criteria immediately after being assigned
✖ If you are hired for technical intern training, you will not be included in the staffing criteria for half a year.
☑ Foreigners can be hired at newly opened offices
✖ In the case of technical intern training, trainees cannot be accepted for 3 years after opening.
☑ Large number of people accepted (many people can be hired)
✖ In the case of technical intern training, if the number of full-time care staff is 35, only 4 trainees can be hired. (Group management type, in the case of the first year)
reference:Number of technical intern trainees
<Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare "About specific requirements in technical intern training "nursing care""Than>
☑ There are few employment restrictions
✖ Regarding technical intern training, tightening has become stricter since the beginning of 2019.
About transition to another status of residence
If you meet certain conditions, you can apply for another status of residence.
[Transition] Technical intern training → Specific skills
Skills training 2 alumni can shift to specific skills 1
In the field of long-term careTechnical internship studentA foreigner who entered the country as a worker worked for 3 yearsTechnical internship 2If you complete the exam, you will be exempted from the Japanese language / skill evaluation test.Specific Skill 1It is possible to apply for.
If you receive a technical interns care worker at your site, you can hire for a longer period of time by switching to a specific skill 1 from the middle.
[Transition] Specific skills → Status of residence "Nursing care"
No specific skills 2 are allowed, so stay on 1 is capped at 5
Specific skills are divided into 1 and 2.
No. 2 has no fixed period of stay.
However, since only No. 1 is applied in the field of long-term care, the maximum number of years that a foreigner can be hired as No. 1 specific skill is 5 years.
If you obtain a qualification as a care worker (pass the national examination) within 1 years of working with specific skill No. 5,Status of residence "care"It is possible to work without an upper limit on the length of stay.
In addition, it will also be possible to work with “visit-based services” that are not recognized in specific skills.
(3 years of work experience required to take the Nursing Care Worker Examination)
Outline of specific skill "long-term care" skill evaluation test / long-term care Japanese evaluation test
[Test schedule / venue]
List of overseas tests (updated from time to time)
* May 2021 will be held in Cambodia, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand.
List of domestic tests in Japan (updated from time to time)
[How to apply for the exam]
[Nursing Skills / Nursing Japanese Evaluation Test Sample Questions]
Long-term care skill evaluation test
Long-term care Japanese evaluation test
Summary: The specific skills 'nursing care' visa broadens the on-site employment gap
As mentioned above, it is easier to hire foreigners with a visa of a specific skill compared to the status of residence that allows you to work in other long-term care.
Therefore, it will be a good recruiting method for companies suffering from labor shortages.
However, regarding the employment of foreigners with specific skills, the employment conditions that the host company should comply with and the support that should be provided are stipulated in detail.
Employment after the company has prepared a system for acceptance will lead to proper employment.
In addition, the maximum number of years that can be employed with Specific Skill No. 1 is 5 years.
Depending on your will, let us know that you may move to another work visa and consider your career.