Status of residence What is "specific skills"? Thorough commentary on target industries, contents and application conditions

Employment of foreigners

"What specific skills are they, what kind of visa?" "Can we use foreign workers at our company?"

2019 Year of residence "newly created from 4 month" specific skills ". Assuming the acceptance of 5 of foreign personnel during the 34.5 year, it is attracting attention from industries that have problems with labor shortages.
In order to use specific skills, it is necessary to be in the specific industry area specified in the specific skills standards ministerial decree. Also, it is a condition that foreigners have cleared Japanese level and technical level.
Here, an administrative scrivener with an extensive 1,000 visa support experience will provide an easy-to-understand explanation of the status of residence for a particular skill.

What is a specific skill? The purpose of the new work visa is to eliminate labor shortages

Status of residence for specific skills is one of the newly created work visas.
It was made to cope with the serious labor shortage in Japan where the declining birthrate and aging population progressed.
Unlike previous work visas, we are expanding the target types of work, and applying the examination and expertise rather than academic background or work history to ease the application conditions.
As a result, it is possible to accept foreigners who have a certain level of expertise and are ready to fight.
SMEs and small businesses who are in need of human resources can easily hire foreigners by utilizing specific skills.

What is the target industry for specific skills? Introduce a list of 14 specific industries

Specific Skilled Foreigner

Industries that can use specific skills are limited to 14 types.
The target industries called specific industries are summarized below.

Field Expected number of people for 5 year Jurisdictional authority
Nursing care 60,000 Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare
Building cleaning 37,000
Material processing industry 21,500 Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
Industrial machinery manufacturing industry 5,250
Electrical and electronic information related industries 4,700
construction 40,000 Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
Shipbuilding and shipbuilding industry 13,000
Car maintenance 7,000
aviation 2,200
宿 泊 22,000
Agriculture: 36,500 Ministry of Agriculture
Fishery: 9,000
Food and beverage manufacturing industry 34,000
Restaurant business 53,000

<Source: Ministry of JusticeBrochure for host organization>

One of the characteristics of the specific skills is that graduates of the technical training 2 can apply for the status of residence of specific skills without examination.
The foreigner can work in Japan longer than the conventional skill training framework.

In addition, employment opportunities for foreigners were expanded in the field of accommodation and food service.
In the past, it was common to hire a highly skilled cook with a status of residence in skills, or to hire a foreigner for study abroad or a family stay as a whole staff member.
In the future, foreign workers with specific skills are expected to work in these fields as well.

Conditions of specific skills and differences in other working visas | Education, work experience, Japanese language ability and length of stay

We introduce the contents of the status of residence for specific skills.
In order to make it easy to understand, we compared with “skills” and “technology / humanistic knowledge / international operations” which have many applications for other work visas.

Specific skills skill Technology · Humanities · International work
Specific Skill 1 Specific Skill 2
Educational History 必要
Career history 必要 必要
Japanese ability Japanese language proficiency test
Length of stay Maximum XNUM X years No limit No limit No limit
Family belt Improper Possible Possible Possible
Target industry 14 field of specific industry field Of the specified industrial fields, only the 2 type of "Construction" "Shipbuilding / Shipbuilding Industry" Job types with high technology that can not be replaced by Japanese people, such as foreign food cooks and precious metal processing craftsmen Jobs that require specialized knowledge such as accounting, engineering, marketing, and interpreting

Specific skills are divided into 1 and 2.
Both do not require academic background or work experience. However, the specific skills 1 must pass Japanese language proficiency and technical level exams.
The content of the exam is defined for each specific industry field.

In addition, it is only the specific skill 2019 that the acceptance started from 4 month 1 month.
Acceptance of the specific skills 2 is planned in the future, with a view to utilizing existing exams within the 19 fiscal year.

The difference between skills training and specific skills is the method of purpose and acceptance

Specific skills are similar to the skills training system in that they are not required to have academic background or career and accept foreigners by so-called simple labor.

However, there is a big difference between the purpose of the system and the acceptance system.

Skills training system Specific skills
the purpose International contribution Labor shortage eliminated
From overseasuse Use sending organization Depends on the country
From within Japanuse Improper Possible

https://www.jiji.com/jc/graphics?p=ve_pol_seisaku-houmushihou20181219j-04-w460

Existence of an intermediary Supervisory body None
Employment in dispatch form Improper Only "Agriculture" "Fishery" possible
Career change Improper Possible

We will introduce in detail below how specific skills differ.

From overseasuseIn addition, there are cases where a local sending organization is unnecessary.

If you want to bring in foreigners of a specific skill from overseas, there are ways to use referrals from local trading companies or to work with sending organizations.

In the technical training, in principle, it was necessary to cooperate with overseas sending organizations in the “group supervision type” used by companies of 9 or more.
However, in the system of specific skills, the response varies depending on the trading country.
For example, the Japanese government stipulates that in order to attract specific skilled foreigners directly from Cambodia, they must use local dispatching agencies.
We have created a bilateral agreement with the XNUM countries that will conduct the following Japanese language exams, and stipulate the sending agency.

1. Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu
2. Philippines
3. Cambodia
4. China
5. Indonesia
6. Thailand
XNUM. Myanmar
XNUM. Nepal
9. Mongolia

When accepting specific skilled foreigners from abroad, please check the regulations with the trading country.
In addition, foreigners of nationalities other than those in the above 9 countries can also obtain status of residence for specific skills if the conditions are met.

5 (2)http://www.moj.go.jp/content/001291695.pdf

Specific skills are available for foreigners in Japanuseit can

Specific skills are also available to foreigners staying in Japan, as opposed to technical training accepted from overseas.
For this reason, international students who have graduated from school with specific skillsuseIt is also possible.
In addition, foreigners who have completed skill training No. 2 can apply for specific skills without returning to their home country. ForeigneruseCan be done more smoothly.

In principle, the existence of an intermediary such as a supervisory group is unnecessary

In the technical internship system, the existence of a supervisory group that acts as an intermediary is indispensable in the "group supervisory type" used by companies of 9 or more.
The supervising group cooperates with the sending organization overseas, accepts foreigners and gives necessary training, and then dispatches them to the company / group in the training destination.

However, in the system of specific skills, such intermediaries do not exist in principle.
When accepting from overseas, even when using a sending agency, it is assumed that the company / organization that is the receiving agency will directly exchange information.
Of course, hiring in Japan is not a necessity for the intermediary.
Foreigners with specific skillsRecruitmentWhen hiring from a company, please use a company / organization that has been licensed for employment placement business.

Specific skills are basically based on direct employment, and temporary employment is only possible for “agriculture” and “fishery”

Specific skills are the same as technical training, and an employment contract is signed with a foreigner.
However, only “Agriculture” and “Fishing” are considered to have temporary employment due to large fluctuations in workload between seasons.
In order to do so, the dispatching company / organization needs to belong to the same specific industry field.
Staffing agencies for foreigners can not always be the dispatch source for certain skilled foreigners.

Q92http://www.moj.go.jp/content/001289367.pdf

https://www.mhlw.go.jp/content/0020190401.pdf

The status of residence of specific skills can change jobs in the same field

The status of residence for a particular skill is capable of changing jobs within the scope of the prescribed work.
For example, "Nursing careIf you acquired specific skills in the field ofNursing careYou can change to a job that is engaged in the job of.
However, if multiple business divisions are set up in one field, such as “construction” or “shipbuilding / shipbuilding industry”, it is necessary to pass the technical test specified in each business division.

Basic Flow of Accepting Foreigners of Specific Skills XNUM in a Company

2019 Year We introduce the flow of accepting foreigners of specific skill 4 from companies starting from 1 month.
The chart below shows the acceptance of foreigners in Japan and foreigners in Japan as 2.

Specific skills employment contract

http://www.moj.go.jp/content/001289616.pdf

http://www.moj.go.jp/content/001289293.pdf

Q35http://www.moj.go.jp/content/001289367.pdf

<Source:Leaflet for Ministry of Justice Hosting Organization>

At this time, the important thing is the following XNUM X institutions.

• Host organization: A company or organization that directly contracts with foreigners
Registration support organization: Register on behalf of the host organizationSupport planOrganization that creates and implements

We will explain each role in detail.

Role of 3 that the receiving organization (specific skill affiliation organization) should play

The host organization is a company or organization that hires a specific skilled foreigner. Also known as a specific skill affiliation organization.
The role that the host organization should play is roughly divided into 3.

• Make a direct employment contract with foreigners
Support planCreate and implement
• Make various notifications after starting work

Employment contract should be protected by XNUM X points: working hours, salaries, social insurance, paid

Please observe the following 4 points when making employment contracts with foreigners of specific skills.

• working time
Only full-time positions are allowed. Working weekly for 5 days, 30 hours or more is a standard for working hours.
• Salary level
The salary level must be equal to or higher than Japanese who have the same work content.
• Social insurance, work injury and other benefits
The same standards as Japanese apply for social insurance etc. Other benefits should not be discriminatory because they are foreigners.
• Get paid
When foreigners wish to return home temporarily, we will get the necessary paid.
Even if you have already consumed all annual paid leave, we will take care to obtain additional paid and unpaid leave if we have a temporary return offer.

Specified skill No. 1 implemented for foreignersSupport planWhat is

When hiring a foreigner with specific skill No. 1, the accepting organization isSupport planMust be created and implemented.
Support planIs to provide and support the work and life information necessary for foreigners to work and live in Japan.
Specifically, the following items are included.

■ Content example of registration support
• Prior guidance
• Airport transfer at entry and exit
• Support for securing appropriate housing
• Life orientation during the stay
• Support for Japanese language acquisition
• Responding to an offer from a foreigner
• Promotion of interaction with Japanese people
• Support for job change in contract cancellation for which foreigners are not responsible
• Regular interviews

When applying for status of residence, it is necessary to submit a No. 1 Specific Foreigner Assistance Plan to the Regional Immigration Bureau.
theseSupport planIs an obligation of the accepting company.

RegistrationSupport planIt is, Registration support organizationCan be entrusted to

Registered by a company that accepts foreigners with specified skillsSupport planIf it is difficult to create / implement Registration support organizationCan be entrusted to.
Registration support organizationIs a notification system.

P72 http://www.moj.go.jp/content/001289242.pdf

Registration support organization

<Source:Ministry of Justice Registration support organizationFor leaflet>

Registration support organizationIn order to become, there are past record of acceptance of foreigners, experience of engaging in various consultation services regarding foreigners, and some registration requirements are set.

Registration requirements

<Source:Ministry of Justice Registration support organizationFor leaflet>

Certified Registration support organizationWill be published on the Immigration Bureau's website.

XNUM X notifications that companies should submit after work starts

After accepting foreigners with specific skills, companies regularly submit the following 3 notifications to the Regional Immigration and Arrival Bureau.

Notification form pertaining to acceptance status XNUM.template
Notification form pertaining to 2.template
Notification form pertaining to activity status XNUM.template
Ministry of Justice siteYou can download the reference template.

CompanySupport planThe implementation of Registration support organizationIf you outsource to, you do not need to report 2.
If the host organization fails to make the necessary notification, you must be notified as it may be a wrongdoing, be subject to penalties, and may not be able to accept foreigners in the future.

Summary: Let's use specified skills and regulations that can be used by foreigners

The status of residence of certain skills available in certain industry sectors of the 14 type has expanded the employment opportunities for foreigners in the enterprise.
Foreigners who have stayed in technical training can not only work longer in Japan, but even in cases where it has been difficult to obtain a work visa, it is possible to work in Japan using specific skills.
When accepting specific skilled foreigners, please comply with the obligations required of the receiving organization.
Not only the salary level and treatment of direct employment but also smoothSupport planImplementation of will lead to smooth acceptance.

We support the acquisition of new status of residence. If you want to hire foreigners with specific skills, but you are unsure about the procedure, please feel free to contact us.

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