The new status of residence "Specific Skills" was established as a measure to solve the labor shortage in the industry where the birthrate is declining and the labor shortage is remarkable.
Operation started from 2019 Month of 4, and at the end of 4, the first accredited person who was transferred from technical intern was born.
In Japan, specific skill evaluation examinations in the lodging and restaurant sector have begun, and the actual situation has gradually been clarified.
On the other hand, some say that they do not know how to accept foreigners using a specific skills visa.
This time, for those in charge of such a company, I will explain the flow of acceptance and the points to be noted.
Please use this information as a reference when considering hiring with a specific skills residence status.
table of contents
- 1 What is the status of residence for a specific skill? New Work Visa to Eliminate Industry Manpower Shortage
- 2 5 Steps to Accept Foreign Human Resources with Specific Skills
- 2.1 [Step XNUMX] Do the industrial fields and business contents meet the conditions of specific skills?
- 2.2 [Step XNUMX] Consider hiring foreign human resources either overseas or domestically
- 2.3 [Step ③] Have you passed the specific skill evaluation test and Japanese proficiency?
- 2.4 [Step ④] Do you meet the employment conditions required of the host organization?
- 2.5 [Step ⑤] Confirm the implementation and timing of the support plan for Specific Skill No. 1.
- 3 [Summary] To accept, let's check the work contents of foreigners with specific skills
What is the status of residence for a specific skill? New Work Visa to Eliminate Industry Manpower Shortage
Specific skills are the new status of residence created in 2019 and 4 months.
It is a visa (status of residence) that allows foreigners to work in Japan, and the conditions required for foreign human resources are lenient compared to other working statuses of residence.
Foreign human resources who want to use specific skills are required to pass the designated Japanese Language Proficiency Test and Skills Evaluation Test, but unlike other statuses of residence, they are not required to have educational background or work experience.
Therefore, it was founded on the assumption that more foreign human resources will be able to work in Japan.
Companies (accepting institutions) that can use the status of residence of a specific skill must belong to the 14 designated industrial fields.
In addition, the scope of work that can be engaged is also fixed.
Many people think that a specific skill is a version with a lower hurdle to apply for other work-related status of residence, but not all jobs can use a specific skill visa.
Specific skills are classified into 1 and 2, and there is a difference in the number of years of stay and the available industry fields.
Currently, only two types of "construction" and "shipbuilding / ship industry" can accept Specific Skill No. 2 with no fixed length of stay.
And, since it is necessary to complete the five years of Specific Skill No. 1 in order to acquire Specific Skill No. 2, no foreigner has acquired Specific Skill No. XNUMX yet.
(As of 2021 month of 9)
This time, with the acceptance of Specific Skill No. 1 in mind, the flow and precautions will be explained below..
5 Steps to Accept Foreign Human Resources with Specific Skills
In order for a company to accept foreign human resources with a status of residence of a specific skill, the following five steps are required.
Step 1: Are industry and work content in the condition of specific skills?
Step 2: Consider recruiting foreign talent either abroad or domestically
Step 3: Have you passed the specific skill evaluation test and the Japanese language proficiency test?
Step ④: Do you meet the employment conditions required by the host organization?
Step ⑤: Confirm the implementation and timing of the support plan for Specific Skill No. 1.
The following explains each content in detail.
[Step XNUMX] Do the industrial fields and business contents meet the conditions of specific skills?
The status of residence for a particular skill can not be used for any job.
The host company belongs to the industry designated by the Ministry of Justice, and only foreigners engaged in the designated scope of business can apply.
Therefore, first, let's check if the company falls under the designated industry field.
After that, it is necessary to check whether the job content of the job type you are considering employment is that you can use a specific skill visa.
■ 1 industrial fields that can accept Specific Skill No. 14
|Field||Expected number of people for 5 year||Jurisdictional authority|
|Nursing care||60,000||Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare|
|Material processing industry||21,500||Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry|
|Industrial machinery manufacturing industry||5,250|
|Electrical and electronic information related industries||4,700|
|construction||40,000||Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism|
|Shipbuilding and shipbuilding industry||13,000|
|Agriculture:||36,500||Ministry of Agriculture|
|Food and beverage manufacturing industry||34,000|
<Source:Brochure for host organization>
For example, in the field of the restaurant business, in addition to restaurants and coffee shops, restaurants that operate take-out and delivery food service businesses are also covered (retail of bento boxes that are made does not fall under the restaurant business).
However, "entertainment food and drink business", which corresponds to customs business Nos. 1 to 3,So-called cabarets and girl's bars are not eligible for specific skill visas.
In addition, love hotels and capsule hotels are not covered in the accommodation industry, which covers accommodation facilities such as inns and hotels.
If you do not properly check the conditions and business contents of the company approved by the specific industrial field, it may be found that you were not eligible after applying.
Although the visa (status of residence) application itself was actually approved, there are many cases where the period of stay cannot be renewed because it does not correspond to the field of application.
Recruitment of foreign personnel takes time, such as preparation of required documents.
・ Is the host organization itself subject to specific skills?
・ Is the content of the work to be engaged in approved?
Please check these two points properly.
<Reference> Please also see the following for details and business contents of the industrial field.
"Utilization of specific skill visas in the restaurant industry-commenting on application requirements, exam outline, and employment points"
"[Specific skills] How do you hire foreigners in the hotel business? Comment on visa requirements and exam content"
[Step XNUMX] Consider hiring foreign human resources either overseas or domestically
The next thing to consider is whether to hire foreign personnel to be hired from overseas or domestically.
The status of residence for a particular skill can be used in either case, whether you are calling from abroad or recruiting foreigners who are already in the country.
▼ Cases expected when hiring foreigners with specific skills from Japan
Foreigners who are already staying in Japan with other status of residence are eligible, so the following visa holders are assumed.
● Study abroad
● Family stay
● Technical intern training
● Technology / Humanities / International Business
■ Case of studying abroad
You can come to Japan as a foreign student and apply for a status of residence for specific skills when foreigners who graduated from school get a job.
For international students, school enrollment status (attendance rate, grades, excessive part-time work, etc.) is an important factor in applying for status of residence, so it is advisable to check this area before making an offer.
Since the examination of study abroad tends to be strict even in the status of residence, it may not be possible to change to a specific skill depending on the status of residence at the time of study abroad.
■ Case of family stay
It is a family (spouse and children) of a foreigner who is resident with a working status of residence.You can use the status of residence of a specific skill when you want to hire an international student who worked part-time 28 hours a week or a foreign employee with a family stay visa full-time.
■ Case of skill training
The transition from technical intern training is expected to be the largest number of applicants.
Those who have completed Technical Intern Training No. 2 are exempt from the Japanese Language Proficiency Test if they acquire specific skills in a field different from the field they are engaged in during the technical intern training without passing the Japanese Language Proficiency Test / Skill Evaluation Test. You need to pass the skill evaluation test) You can apply for Specific Skill No. 1.
Skills training involves many tasks related to the task content of a specific skill.
If you are an 2 graduate student, the upper limit of the period you can stay even if you move to 3 is 2.
However, if you acquire a specific skill 1, you will be able to stay up to 5 years.
For companies, it can be said that the advantage is that they can continue to employ human resources who have grasped the work content.
For details on the occupations to be transferred to Technical Intern Training No. 2, please refer to the materials of the Ministry of Justice (P.28 Relationship between the occupations to be transferred to Technical Intern Training No. 2 and the field in Specific Skill No. 1).
■ Cases of technology, humanities knowledge, and international operations
The most popular working status of residence.
There is no upper limit to the length of stay, but since the main target is white-collar work and on-site work such as specific skills is not possible, changes from technology, humanities knowledge, and international work are expected to some extent. increase.
▼ Cases expected when hiring foreigners with specific skills from overseas
In the technical internship system, companies that already have a relationship with a local sending organization, or have a local corporation, are also expected to employ foreigners with status of residence of specific skills from abroad.
At that time, let's check the regulations of the country whether to intervene the local sending agency.
[Sending agency is specified by country]
The Ministry of Justice has sequentially entered into bilateral agreements on specific skills with 9 countries such as Vietnam and the Philippines, which have received foreigners.
Some of them, like the Philippines, have decided that local recruitment always uses the local sending agency.
The bilateral agreement with Mongolia stipulates that the only authorized local sending agency is the Labor and Social Security Services General Office (GOLWS).
Depending on the country, it may be necessary to intermediate the local sending agency when receiving from overseas.
Please check in advance.
[Step ③] Have you passed the specific skill evaluation test and Japanese proficiency?
It is important to have an interview and be hired if the foreigner who is applying for specific skills has passed the designated exam.
Specific Skill No. 1 must pass the designated Japanese Language Proficiency Test and Skill Evaluation Test (excluding those who have completed Technical Intern Training No. 2).
The Japanese-Language Proficiency Test basically covers the following tests in all fields.
In some fields, such as long-term care, an additional Japanese language evaluation test is specified..
【Overseas】 The Japan Foundation Japanese Language Foundation Test
【Domestic / Foreign】 Japanese Proficiency Test (NX NUMX or higher)
Skills assessment tests are set up for each industry sector.
2019 Year As of 6, the following 4 industries have been decided by the implementing organization or have already been tested for skills assessment.
Other industries will be announced on the website of the relevant Ministries at any time during preparation.
[Skill evaluation test implementation organization and industrial field]
|Industrial field||Skill evaluation examination conduct group||2019 year as of 6 month|
|Nursing care||2019 nursing skills
Evaluation test implementation company
(The details are Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare website）
|Start in Japan / Philippines|
|Building cleaning||Japan Building Maintenance Association||Plan to start after autumn 2019|
|宿 泊||General corporate judicial person accommodation business skill examination center||Start in Japan|
|Restaurant business||Foreign Food Industry Skills Evaluation Organization||Start in Japan|
Ministry of JusticeQ & A pertaining to the status of residence "specific skills"],
It does not matter whether the foreigner has passed the Japanese Language Proficiency Test / Skills Evaluation Test at the time of the offer.
There is no problem even if the hiring decision and the exam pass.
However,At the time of application for status of residence for a particular skill, you must have passed the prescribed exams.
The difficulty level of the exam varies depending on the field, but it is important to note that if the exam is not of such a high level, you will be alert and you will often fail due to lack of study.
You cannot apply for a specific skill unless you pass the exam.
[Step ④] Do you meet the employment conditions required of the host organization?
There are conditions that the host organization must meet in the examination of the status of residence of a specific skill.
In particular, please note the following points when concluding an employment contract with a foreigner.
・ Working hours for which a specific skill visa is granted are full-time only.
・ Salary level is equal to or higher than that of Japanese in the same position
・ Apply social insurance, workers' accident compensation insurance, and other benefits equally
・ Arrange so that foreigners can use it when they wish to obtain paid leave.
The status of residence of a specific skill cannot be used part-time or part-time.
It is necessary to meet the standard working hours of 5 hours or more, 30 days a week.
The salary level is also an important point related to the examination.
If there are no Japanese people engaged in the same work, the judgment will be made based on the average value within the local industry.
Social insurance, workers' compensation insurance, welfare benefits, etc. are applied as well as other Japanese.
No discriminatory treatment is permitted because you are a foreigner.
<Reference> Please also see the following regarding the conditions required of the host company.
"What is the receiving organization for specific skills? Standards and obligations to hire foreigners on specific skills visas"
[Step ⑤] Confirm the implementation and timing of the support plan for Specific Skill No. 1.
Specific Skill No. 1 When hiring a foreignerCompaniesDevelop and implement an appropriate support planobligationthere is.
The support plan is to provide the necessary knowledge for daily life and duties so that foreigners can stay in Japan without any problems.
Specific Skill No. XNUMX In a language (native language) that foreigners can understand, starting with explanation of working conditions, support for necessary procedures at government offices, support for securing appropriate housing, airport transfer at the time of entry and exit, support for changing jobs at the time of dismissal, etc. Must be carried out.
Be sure to check what kind of support plan you need when you hire.
When calling from overseas, guidance before entering Japan may be required (although it can be shortened even when hiring from Japan, guidance must be provided).
If it is impossible for the host organization to make a support plan (if the requirements required by law cannot be met, or if there are insufficient internal resources), entrust the registered support organization to provide part or all of the support. Is also possible.
<Reference> Please also see the following regarding the contents of the support plan and the registration support organization.
"What is a registration support organization? | Necessary requirements for registration and support plan contents for specific skills 1"
[Summary] To accept, let's check the work contents of foreigners with specific skills
It is a specific skill that is said to be easy for foreigners to acquire in the working status of residence, but the requirements and obligations required by the host organization are more than those of other statuses of residence.
In addition, it is also important to check in advance whether the work to be engaged falls within the scope that a specific skill allows.
If you do not meet the conditions when you apply for a visa, companies and recruits will be wasted time and money.
The status of residence for specific skills has just begun to operate.
There is also a part of groping about what kind of work is allowed.
If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.
Our office is also a registration support organization.We accept consultations regarding specific skill visas!