The restaurant business is scheduled to receive 2 second largest number of foreign human resources next to nursing care with the status of residence of specific skills. Specific skills are also applied to operations where work visas were not available in the restaurant business until now, so it is expected that job opportunities for foreigners in restaurants will expand.
Here, we will explain the application requirements and exam outlines that must be cleared for companies and businesses that are considering the employment of foreigners using specific skills in the restaurant business.
In addition, the point that the side to be hired should pay attention to is also explained in detail. Use this as a reference when considering hiring using a specific skills visa.
Background and prospects for accepting foreigners with specific skills in the food service industry
Nowadays, with the problem of a decrease in the workforce, efforts to save labor and reduce costs using the latest technology have begun in the food service field as well.
In addition, we are actively recruiting domestic human resources such as women and elderly people.
However, the ratio of effective job openings is “restaurant owner / manager” 12.68 times, “food service person in charge” 7.16 times the seller market, it is an industry where securing human resources is difficult.
In the first half of the year 2018, the vacancy rate is 5.4%, which indicates a labor shortage in companies, and it is more than 2 times the level of all industries, indicating a serious labor shortage.
In this way, even if you try to improve productivity and secure domestic human resources through corporate efforts, this is an industry where labor shortage is expected as before, and the government has taken the lead in expanding foreign human resources.
The number of people expected to eat out in 5 will be up to 5 and 3000.
The restaurant industry is expected to have a labor shortage of 29, and the annual number of 0.5% productivity improvement and the number of acceptance personnel will be set in anticipation of securing further domestic human resources.
According to statistics as of 2017, the number of foreign workers in the food service industry is about 14.3.
The foreigners who are close to 7 work as part-time workers for non-qualified activities such as study abroad and family stay. The status of residence based on the status of permanent residents also occupies 2 percentage.
Given that the number of people with professional and technical residence status such as “skills” and “management / management” does not meet 1 percentage, it can be said that the residence status of specific skills will have a large impact on the restaurant business in the future. I will.
Types of work that specific skilled foreigners can work in the food service field and prohibited work
The status of residence for specific skills is for foreigners who have acquired a certain level of skills and knowledge, and the range of work that can be engaged in each industrial field is determined.
The contents of the work permitted by the restaurant business and the non-applicable work are explained below.
Scope of eating out business permitted by specific skill foreigners and prohibited operations
The food service industry in general includes food and beverage preparation, customer service, and store management.
At the same time, it is not out of place that they will be engaged in related tasks performed by regular Japanese employees, such as procurement and acceptance of raw materials and delivery work.
Other than restaurants, take-aways and delivery restaurant services also apply to stores.
Until now, in the food service industry, it was not possible to obtain a status of residence for working in the cooking work that hall staff and Japanese people can engage in.
Even if it is a specific skill, even store staff can hire foreigners as full-time employees.
It is important to note that employment of specific skilled foreigners is not permitted at sales offices that operate catering businesses such as cabaret and girls bars.
At stores that run “entertainment business such as entertainment and food and drink business” corresponding to customs business 1, 2 and 3 defined by the sex business law, even foreigners are served with specific skill visas even for cooking, customer service, and store management jobs. I can not let it go.
|Restaurant or take-out, delivery restaurant service (eg, cafeteria, restaurant, coffee shop, fast food restaurant, takeout specialty store, catering restaurant, etc.)||Description of work permitted by specific skill visa|
|Exception not permitted on specific skills visa||Working at sales offices that perform "entertainment business such as sales and entertainment" that corresponds to the sex sales business of the Sex Sales Law (eg, cabaret and girls bar)|
Requirements for Foreign Human Resources to Obtain Specific Skills Visas in the Restaurant Industry
Acceptance in the restaurant industry is only the specific skill 1. No academic background or career is required.
The following 3 points are required of foreigners at the time of application:
• Being older than 18
• Have passed the prescribed Japanese language proficiency test
• Passing the prescribed skill level test
In addition, alumni of skills training 2 can be transferred to specific skills 1 by exam exemption, but as of 2019, there is no acceptance of skills intern in the food service industry.
Skilled training 2018 alumni of “Medical and welfare institution food production” added to the technical training system in 11 and 2 month will be able to shift to specified skill 1 in the food service business in the future.
Japanese Skills and Skills of Specific Skills 1 Required in the Field of Restaurant Industry
We will explain in detail the contents of the Japanese language proficiency test and the technical level test of the specific skill set in the field of the restaurant industry.
Accepted Japanese Examination and Required Level
• Domestic: "Japanese Language Proficiency Test" N4 or higher
• Overseas: “Japanese Language Proficiency Test” N 4 or higher or “The Japan Foundation Japanese Language Foundation Test”
With eating out industry skill measurement examination
Skill level test in the food service industry is conducted in the “Food service skill measurement test”.
It is a test to make sure that you have the necessary knowledge and skills for handling food, food and food, cooking and services that take food hygiene into consideration. The exams will be conducted on the subject and practical 2.
[Content example of food service industry skill measurement test]
|Department of test||・ Sanitary management: About satellite management such as food poisoning, temperature of freezer and cross pollution, satellite management which adopted idea of HACCP
・ Food and beverage preparation: ingredients, preparation, knowledge about each cooking method, etc.
・ General customer service: Customer service, food allergy, store management, complaint handling etc.
|Practical exam|| ・ Judgment test: Judge correct behavior using figures and illustrations
・ Planning test: Plan work using a predetermined formula
With a score of 65% or more on the total score as the pass line, the candidate chooses either "subject-based" or "actual subject", and the slope distribution is applied.
Japan Food Services Association websiteYou can download the exam text for Japanese and Vietnamese from.
Conducting body, date, and place of Japanese language examination and technical examination of the food service industry
The following table summarizes the details of the subjects and methods of each test.
|Test name||Implementer||method||Number of times||Place|
|Japanese language proficiency test||[Domestic] Independent administrative institution Japan Foundation||mark sheet||Conducted 2 times a year||Each prefecture|
|【International】 Japan International Education Support Association||1 times to 2 times||Confirm with the local implementation organization|
|The Japan Foundation Japanese Language Foundation Test||Independent administrative agency Japan Foundation||CBT method||About 6 times, only overseas||Confirm with the local implementation organization|
|Food service skill measurement test||Foreign Food Industry Skills Evaluation Organization||Writing, practical skills||[Domestic] Year XNUM times
[Outside of country] in preparation
|In Japan, it will be implemented in Tokyo, Osaka and other areas|
The skill test of the restaurant industry skill test has already been conducted on the 1 month 4 day in Tokyo and Osaka. Successful candidates will be announced during 25 month of 2019.
Five points to note when hiring certain skilled foreigners in restaurants and large restaurants
There is a duty that companies of restaurants and restaurants that are the accepting organizations have to protect when hiring specific skilled foreigners.
The following notes on 5 precautions for hiring.
Requirements for Food Industry Companies to Employ | Joining the Council
First of all, it is necessary to clear the standards required for the receiving organization of specific skills.
In addition, you must fulfill the duties of the host organization for employment.
In that case, it is necessary to become a member of the food industry specific skill meeting established by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
■ Standards of the receiving organization that hires specific skilled foreigners
• The employment contract signed with foreigners is appropriate
• The institution itself is appropriate (no immigration / labor law violation within 5 years, no missing persons within 1 years)
• There is a system to support foreigners
• The plan to support foreigners is appropriate
■ With food industry specific skill meeting
It is an organization that consists of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, related industry organizations, registration support organizations, and other related parties.
We understand the status of foreigners' acceptance, and take notice of fraud prevention and compliance.
In order to employ specific skilled foreigners in the restaurant industry, you need to be a member of the council.
The deadline for joining the council is less than 4 months after the company first accepts certain skilled foreigners.
Specific skills of the restaurant industry can only be directly hired, not dispatching
The employment of specified skills foreigners in the restaurant industry is only permitted for direct contracts.
You can not hire certain skills 1 foreigners in a dispatch form.
Employment contract points: full time & pay level equal to or higher than Japanese
When entering into an employment contract, social insurance and workers should not be treated the same way as Japanese, and you should not discriminate against foreigners.
In addition, specific skills visas can only be applied for full-time employment. The specified working hours must be met, XNUM X days a week, XNUM X hours or more.
Furthermore, it is stipulated that the salary level is equal to or higher than the Japanese who engage in the same work.
If you set a low salary unreasonably, please be aware that your status of residence may not be granted.
Employment of certain skills 1 foreigners is capped at 5 years
The status of residence for a specific skill 1 can only be totaled up to a maximum of 5 years.
In other words, if the restaurant industry hires a foreigner with a specific skill 1, it is 5 that will be allowed to work.
At present, there is no transition from specific skill 1 in the restaurant business to specific skill 2 with no upper limit of stay.
The foreigner will need to consider other possible status of residence or return to his home country at the limit of 5 years.
With the support plan that the receiving organization should do
When hiring specific skills 1 foreigners, the host organization needs to create and implement an appropriate support plan.
The required assistance plans include pre-entry guidance, airport transfers, support for securing a residence, and the provision of information necessary for work and life.
These support plans must be made as an obligation by the employer.
Example of utilization of specific skill visa in the restaurant industry | Under what circumstances can you employ foreigners?
Lastly, in the restaurant industry such as restaurants and take-away shops, under what circumstances can you use a specific skills visa to hire foreigners? The following is a list of possible cases.
Professional school graduates appointed as full-time employees from part-time employees
Special skills visas can be used to hire foreign nationals who have a status of study abroad or family stay who work as part-time workers as full-time employees.
In order to work under the status of residence of “College Student” or “Family Stay”, permission for activities outside the qualification status is required. Working time is limited to within 28 hours a week.
Until now, it was not possible to hire foreigners full-time by acquiring a status of residence that allows them to work in store management and customer service.
If it is a specific skill visa, it will be possible to hire a foreign employee who has acquired work experience in a part-time job as a full-time employee.
Mass adoption in major food and beverage chains
The status of residence for specific skills can not only be recruited from Japan but also attract foreign talent from abroad.
Therefore, it can be a means to eliminate the labor shortage at major restaurant chains that want to secure a certain number of people.
However, the status of residence for certain skills 1 can only stay in Japan for up to 5 years in total.
It is necessary to make a hiring plan with an increase based on the upper limit of 5 years.
Summary: Understand the duties of the host organization and hire specific skilled foreigners in the restaurant business
The number of people expected to receive specific skills foreigners in the restaurant industry is XNUM X years, XNUM X 10,000, X NUM X.
Given the number of workers in the industry expected to be understaffed 29, employment of certain skilled foreigners needs to move quickly.
If the government decides that the number of people will be accepted and the number of foreign personnel will be sufficient, it is possible to stop acceptance.
In addition, the implementation of the support plan and the appropriate employment contract are the responsibility of the host organization.
For small food service providers, the company may be burdened with providing airport transfers and necessary administrative procedures such as administrative procedures.
Working with a registration support organization that can outsource support plans and an administrative scrivener who specializes in visa support is an important point to employ smoothly.