table of contents
- 1 Types of visa applications
- 2 Types of visa applications
- 2.1 Applying for Certificate of Eligibility
- 2.2 Apply for change of status of residence
- 2.3 Apply for extension of period of stay
- 2.4 Apply for certification of employment qualification
- 2.5 Apply for permission for activities outside your status of residence
- 2.6 Application for permission to obtain status of residence
- 2.7 Re-entry Permit
- 2.8 Permanent re-entry permit
- 2.9 Departure order system
- 2.10 Special permission to stay
- 2.11 Apply for provisional release
- 2.12 Apply for Refugee Travel Certificate
- 2.13 Apply for refugee status
Types of visa applications
Types of visa applications
Applying for Certificate of Eligibility
Application for issuance of a Certificate of Eligibility is the case where a foreign national who wants to enter Japan (excluding short-term stay) or a company issues a Certificate of Eligibility to call in Japan. This is a necessary application. Foreign nationals who are overseas will undergo immigration examination with their Certificate of Eligibility. The Certificate of Eligibility is a certificate that the Immigration Bureau has recognized that the status of residence of foreign nationals calling to Japan is "appropriate." Submitting this at the time of immigration will facilitate the examination.
"important point" Unfortunately, even if a certificate of eligibility is issued, it is not absolutely acceptable for you to pass the immigration examination.
Apply for change of status of residence
An application for permission to change status of residence is an application required to change the status of residence currently held to a different status of residence. (Example: "Study abroad" → "Technology/humanities/international work", "Management/management" → "Japanese spouse, etc.") If you want to change to a permanent resident, apply for a permanent residence permit. Please be careful not to make a mistake.
"important point" In the case of a work visa, please notify the Immigration Bureau that you left the immigration office when you quit the company currently working. There is no problem if the company that newly worked matches the current status of residence, but if it is different, it will be forced to change this status of residence. Or you need to change the business of the company.
Apply for extension of period of stay
Application for renewal of a period of stay shall apply when renewing (extending) the period of stay stated on the residence card if you wish to continue activities in Japan.
"important point" In the case of "College Student" status of residence, the attendance rate to schools, etc., also has an impact. Also, please note that employment visa will affect your renewal period if you change jobs many times within the period of stay, or if tax payment of residence tax is not done.
Apply for certification of employment qualification
The Minister of Justice proves that a work qualification certificate means that when a foreigner residing in Japan changes jobs, "the work content of the new company is the same as that of the old company, so there is no problem with the status of residence." I mean the written document. Applying for such a document is called a work qualification certificate grant application. To apply, you must meet one of the following three points.
- Having a status of residence to work (working visa)
- Have permission to work outside the status of qualification
- Having a status of residence without employment restriction (status visa)
"important point" This work qualification certificate will be issued regardless of whether the work content of the new company is "corresponding" or "not applicable" to the activity content of the status of residence currently held. If this is not the case, it may be better to change the work content of the company or refrain from changing jobs to that company. Although it is not obligatory to apply for a work qualification certificate, receiving it will prove the eligibility of the status of residence at the new company, so there will be less documents to submit when applying for an extension of the period of stay. Conversely, if you change jobs without issuing a work qualification certificate and the status of residence is not applicable when applying for a renewal of your period of stay, you may be forced to change your status of residence. If the period of stay is approaching, you will have to leave the country once. Therefore, when changing jobs, it is recommended that the applicant himself or his company apply for a work certificate.
Apply for permission for activities outside your status of residence
An application for permission for an activity other than the status of qualification is one that must be applied in advance if you are going to perform an activity that involves a business that involves income that does not belong to the status of residence you currently have or that is to receive a reward. For example, if an international student wants to work part-time, he/she must get this permission to work outside of his/her status before working part-time. *Permits for activities outside the status of qualifications to support education and research conducted by foreign nationals residing with the status of residence for study abroad under a contract with the university or college of technology You don't have to get the treatment.
"important point" The non-qualification activity permit has a maximum of 28 hours per week (up to 1 hours a day during summer, winter and spring vacation) and a maximum working time. Please note that if you exceed 8 hours a week, you will be deported. In addition, part-time jobs related to entertainment such as bars, club hostesses, and waiters are not permitted in applications for permission for activities other than those permitted. This too will be deported. If you violate the designated conditions and receive a notice of forced evacuation, unfortunately you have no choice but to return to Japan beyond the immigration control. Detailed notes are here
Application for permission to obtain status of residence
The cases where you need to apply for permission to obtain a residence status are: 1. Those who have left Japanese nationality 2. Those who were born in Japan as foreigners 3. Those who have decided to live in Japan for other reasons have been in Japan for 60 days or more. This is an application to obtain residence status to live in. Those who have left the Japanese nationality, who were born in Japan as foreigners, or who have decided to live in Japan for other reasons can apply for a permit to obtain a status of residence. Specifically, a person who has left Japanese nationality is a person who wishes to withdraw from Japanese nationality and becomes a foreign nationality. A person born in Japan as a foreigner is a child born to a couple of foreign nationality. *If either husband or wife is Japanese, you can obtain Japanese nationality by submitting a notification. Those who have decided to live in Japan for other reasons are those who belong to the US Army in Japan and want to continue to stay in Japan when they lose their status due to retirement.
Re-entry permit means that the foreign national residing in Japan temporarily leaves the country on a trip or business trip and tries to re-enter Japan by the Minister of Justice to simplify the entry/landing procedures. The permission to give before doing. If a foreign national residing in Japan departs from Japan without this permission, the status of residence and period of stay of the foreign national will be lost. For that reason, when you re-enter Japan, you will be required to obtain a visa, apply for landing, and obtain landing clearance after going through landing procedures. As such, if you have obtained a re-entry permit in advance, you will be exempted from the visa normally required when applying for landing. In addition, the status of residence and the period of stay are assumed to continue. See also “Deemed Re-entry Permit”. Some re-entry permits can be used only once, and some can be used as many times as you like within the expiration date. The expiry date will be determined for a maximum of 1 years. (5 years for special permanent residents)
Permanent re-entry permit
The deemed re-entry permit is a system introduced on July 2012, 7. As a general rule, if a foreign national with a valid passport and residence card re-enters the country within one year after departure to continue their activities in Japan, he/she does not need to obtain a re-entry permit. Is that. Those who depart from Japan with a deemed re-entry permit cannot extend their validity abroad. Please note that if you do not re-enter Japan within one year after you leave, you will lose your status of residence. If the period of stay is less than one year after you leave Japan, you must re-enter Japan by the period of stay.
Departure order system
The Immigration Bureau has created an environment that makes it easier for foreigners who are suffering from illegal stay to report to the regional immigration office through public relations activities under the departure order system and revisions to the "Guidelines for special residence permits". We aim to encourage spontaneous reporting. If you are a foreigner who has lived in Japan for the period of stay (overstay) and wants to return to Japan, you can return to Japan using the "departure order system", which allows you to proceed in a simple manner without being detained. can. If you return to Japan due to deportation procedures, you will not be able to enter Japan for at least XNUMX years, but if you return to Japan under the "exit order system", the period will be shortened to XNUMX year.
Special permission to stay
The special residence permit is a system in which the Minister of Justice gives a special status of residence to foreign nationals who are subject to deportation who are illegally staying in Japan due to illegal stay (overstay) or illegal entry. Whether to give a special residence permit is at the discretion of the Minister of Justice. Judgment will be made by comprehensively considering the reasons why illegal residents wish to stay, family conditions, history of living in Japan, and the need for humanitarian consideration. In addition, it is said that the Minister of Justice can grant special permission to stay in the following cases.
- When you have permission to permanent residence.
- When I once had a domicile in Japan as a Japanese citizen.
- When residing in Japan with being under the control of others by human trafficking etc.
- When the Minister of Justice finds circumstances to permit special residence.
Apply for provisional release
The provisional release permission application means to apply for foreign nationality accommodated by the issuance of detention orders or deportation obligations to stop accommodation with certain conditions.
"important point" There is no fee for the application itself, but please pay attention to payment of the deposit (300 ten thousand yen or less) at the time of approval.
Apply for Refugee Travel Certificate
Refugee travel certificate issuance application means that a foreign national residing in Japan who has been recognized as a refugee wants to issue a refugee travel certificate by applying for a refugee travel certificate if he/she wants to enter or leave Japan. This is a required application. You can enter and leave as many times as you like within the validity period shown on your refugee travel certificate.
"Delivery condition" Those who are certified as refugees staying in Japan
Apply for refugee status
In the first place, Japan's refugee recognition system was established in 1982 by the issuance of a Convention on Refugee Status (the “Refugee Convention”) and a Protocol on the Status of Refugees (the “Protocol”) in Japan. Refugee status application protects those who are currently residing in Japan who are at risk of persecution because of race, religion, nationality, members of a particular social group, or political opinions. To apply for refugee recognition in order to do so. In 2014, the number of people who applied for refugee status was 5,000, and only 11 were recognized as refugees.