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What is a long-term care visa?
The long-term care visa has been in operation since September 2017.
A long-term care visa is one of the work visas, and if a foreigner stays for work, he / she must obtain a work visa.
A long-term care visa is required for foreign students to graduate from a long-term care welfare training facility such as a long-term care vocational school, pass the national long-term care welfare examination, and get a job as a long-term care welfare worker after obtaining the qualification.
Please be careful not to confuse the long-term care visa as it is different from the technical intern training "long-term care" and the specific skill "long-term care".
Strictly speaking, a long-term care visa refers to "long-term care" with a status of residence.
Strictly speaking, visas and status of residence are different. Simply put, visas are required for foreigners to come to Japan, and status of residence is required for foreigners to stay in Japan. ..
However, since the term “long-term care visa”, which refers to the status of residence “long-term care”, is widely used, the term “long-term care visa” is used here instead of the status of residence “long-term care”.
Overview of long-term care visa
Currently, Japan is an aging society, and the long-term care industry is facing a serious labor shortage.
Considering the super-aging society that Japan will face in the near future, it is easy to imagine that there will be a further labor shortage.
If measures are not taken as they are, the number of people who need long-term care will increase, but the shortage of long-term care workers will increase, which will lead to a situation that cannot be seen.
Therefore, in order to solve the labor shortage in the long-term care industry, the labor force of foreigners attracted attention and a long-term care visa was established.
The maximum period of stay for a long-term care visa is 5 years, and you can renew it many times by continuing to work as a long-term care welfare worker.
In addition, foreign spouses and children who have obtained a long-term care visa can obtain a status of residence for family stay and can live in Japan with their family.
Requirements for obtaining a long-term care visa
The requirements for obtaining a long-term care visa are the following three points.
■ Must be qualified as a care worker
■ Engaging in work as a care worker
■ You can receive compensation from your employer that is equal to or greater than the compensation of Japanese care workers.
Among the acquisition requirements, the one with the highest difficulty is the qualification of a care worker.
Until 2016, we were able to obtain the long-term care welfare qualification by graduating from a long-term care welfare training facility such as a long-term care vocational school.
However, since 2017, graduates of the care worker training facility have also taken the qualification test, and if they do not pass it, they will not be able to obtain the care worker qualification.
According to the announcement by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, the pass rate of the care worker examination, which was announced on March 2020, 3, is 25%, and the examination questions are only in Japanese, so foreigners take the examination. In some cases, high Japanese language ability and specialized knowledge and skills as a care worker are also required.
Since the road to qualification has become difficult, transitional measures have been set for graduates of nursing care welfare training facilities.
The content of the transitional measures is that graduates of the care welfare training facility up to 2021 will be treated as qualified to become care welfare for 5 years from the year following the graduation year, even if they have not passed the care welfare examination. It is the content.
Flow until getting a long-term care visa
Generally, when a foreigner obtains a long-term care visa, the procedure is as follows.
① Come to Japan as a foreign student, study Japanese at a Japanese language vocational school, and graduate
② Enroll in a long-term care welfare training facility such as a long-term care vocational school and graduate with the knowledge and skills necessary to become a long-term care welfare worker.
③ Pass the national examination for care workers and obtain the qualification of care workers
④ Hired by a workplace engaged in work as a care worker
By following the above steps, you can meet the requirements for obtaining a long-term care visa.
In addition, it is necessary to have a qualification as a long-term care worker to obtain a long-term care visa.
Foreigners who have already obtained a long-term care welfare qualification before the start of long-term care visa operation should obtain a long-term care visa if they decide to work for a company that can receive the same or higher compensation as Japanese as a long-term care worker. Is possible.
In addition, even if you have not passed the long-term care welfare examination, you can still obtain a long-term care visa by using the transitional measures, although the time limit is up to 5 years.
Documents required for application
The following documents are required for foreigners residing in Japan as international students to obtain a long-term care visa.
- Application for permission to change status of residence
- Photo (length 4 cm x width 3 cm) 1 leaf
- Copy of care worker registration card
- Copy of employment contract
- Certificate of registration of the company you plan to work for
- Documents that clarify the business content of other companies that will work
The above are the required documents when you have passed the examination for the qualification of a care worker and have completed registration as a care worker.
The applicant is required to prepare the necessary documents, apply to the Immigration Bureau of Japan under the jurisdiction of the address, and obtain permission.
When obtaining a long-term care visa by utilizing the transitional measures of a long-term care welfare worker, instead of a copy of the long-term care welfare worker registration certificate, a copy of the diploma of the long-term care welfare worker training facility or a graduation certificate (or a certificate of expected graduation) It is possible to obtain a long-term care visa by preparing).
Precautions for application required documents
All certificates issued in Japan (company registration certificate, etc.) must be issued within XNUMX months from the date of issue.